More than 3,000 years have served to contemplate the passage of different civilizations and their corresponding cultures through Alicante and its province. All of them have been giving shape to these lands and leaving a rich legacy that can be appreciated not only in the cultural and artistic heritage but also in the open, innovative, warm and hospitable character of its people.
IN SANTA POLA
■ CASTILLO FORTALEZA CULTURAL CENTER
El Castillo-Fortaleza is a magnificent example of Renaissance military architecture of the sixteenth century. Projected in 1553 by the Italian engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli, its cost was borne by D. Bernardino de Cárdenas, Viceroy of Valencia, within the "Plan for the defense of the coasts of the Kingdom of Valencia." With its defensive structure it faced the attacks pirates of the Berbers who ravaged the coast.
Currently, the Castillo-Fortaleza Cultural Center has the following facilities: Museum of the Sea, Municipal Exhibition Hall, Auditorium "Baluarte del Duque de Arcos" and Chapel of the Virgin of Loreto.
■ TORRES VIGÍA: TORRE DEL TAMARIT AND TORRE ESCALETES
The Vigía Towers were built in 1552, under the reign of Felipe II. They are strategically located to spot the enemy before it reaches the coast and communicate with each other through smoked by day and by night luminaries. They are: Torre del Tamarit in Las Salinas, Escaletes in the Sierra and Atalayola in the current lighthouse.
■ LIGHTHOUSE OF THE CABO DE SANTA POLA
It is located at the eastern end of Cape Santa Pola, on an old watchtower of the sixteenth century, called Atalayola. It was installed in 1858 for the orientation of the ships that sail along these coasts at night, especially for the Navy ships, which anchored in the bay of Santa Pola in the year of its construction.
From here you can see a magnificent view of the bay of Santa Pola, Alicante and the Island of Tabarca. In the clearest days you can see Cabo Cervera and Isla Grosa to the south and Peñón de Ifach to the east.
■ CASTLE OF SANTA BÁRBARA
Located on Mount Benacantil, 166 meters above sea level and next to it, from where you can see the entire bay of Alicante. On its slopes archaeological remains of the Bronze, Iberian and Roman Age have been found, but the origin of the current fortress has to be sought at the end of the 9th century with Muslim domination.
Located in the building of the old Hospital San Juan de Dios (work of Juan Vidal Ramos in 1926-1929), it houses more than 80,000 pieces that show the richness of the history of the Costa Blanca, and the legacy that civilizations have left behind. I pass through the Mediterranean. It stands out for its modern aesthetic, the great use it makes of audiovisual and computer media and the didactic nature of its explanations.
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